Efficiency is the goal of every business. There are several metrics to measure the profitability and efficiency of a business. The simplest of efficiency metrics is a return on assets (ROA). It reveals the profits made from assets or capital invested.
Return on asset is a financial ratio that measures a company’s profitability in relation to its assets. ROA indicates how a company efficiently manages its assets to generate profit over time. It is used by analysts, investors, and corporate management to identify whether a company is profitable or not so that they can make their investments and other decisions accordingly. In addition, ROA is an important metric to compare two or more different companies in the same industry.
ROA can be calculated by dividing a company’ earnings after tax by its average asset. The obtained value can also be converted into percentages to understand profitability better.
The ROA will enable you to assess how your business makes profits and how you stack up against your rivals. The higher ROA indicates more profitability with less investment. Conversely, the lower ROA indicates room for improvement in managing the company’s assets.
Let’s say the net income of company ABC is $500,000. The total assets value is given in their balance sheet. Calculate the return on assets.
Net income = $500,000
Average assets= $668,000 + $714,000 ÷ 2 = $691,000
Return on assets = net income ÷ total assets
ROA = $500,000 ÷ $691,000
The ROA of company ABC is 72%, which means that the company is highly efficient and productive.
In its simplest form, the return on investment (ROA) is a financial ratio that compares the earning power of a business to the amount of money invested in it. Simply put, ROA measures the effectiveness of an investment, whether it’s in terms of money or time.