what is difference between accounting and finance

Finance and accounting are two equally essential disciplines of enormous value to the modern organization. Like careers in finance and accounting can be stable, enjoyable, and financially rewarding.

The big difference between accounting and finance is that accounting focuses on the day-to-day flow of money in and out of institutions or companies. In contrast, finance is a broader term for managing assets, liabilities, and future growth planning. 

Many people think that accounting and finance are the same, but both are two different disciplines. Here we explain the concept and difference between accounting and finance.


  • Definition
  • Key differences
  • Interdependency of accounting and finance
  • Finance and Accounting Tips for meeting business challenges
  • Comparison chart- finance and accounting 
  • What is the purpose of Finance and Accounting in business?
  • Conclusion

Definition of Accounting?

Accounting is the complete process of identifying, classifying, recording, reporting, analyzing, summarizing, and interpreting financial information. It is the art of systematically recording the transaction for keeping a proper track of financial statements based on accounting standards.

Definition of Finance

Finance is the science of acquisition and assignment, such as spending or investment of funds effectively. It is a broader term, which studies money and capital markets along with management and arrangement of funds by the business.

The primary aspect of finance is the time value of money i-e the value of money changes over time.

Key Difference Between Accounting and


  • Accounting is a subset of finance.
  • Accounting is the systematic record-keeping of business transactions. Whereas, finance is the study of managing funds in the best possible manner.
  • The information of accounting is helpful for the users of the financial statement for understanding the financial position of a business. At the same time, finance helps forecast the entity’s performance in the future.
  • There are four branches of accounting, while finance has three components.
  • Accounting uses income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets; on the other hand, ratio analysis, risk analysis, capital budgeting, working capital management, etc. are financial tools.

Inter-dependency of Accounting and


Finance and accounting both are part of economics. Moreover, both these entities are dependent on each other. Therefore, such accounting is a part of finance, and finance is conditional accounting.

The financial analysis is completed with the help of a financial statement submitted by the auditor. In other words, they are closely interconnected, or we can say, the end of accounting is the beginning of finance.

Finance and Accounting Tips for Meeting

Business Challenges

Small business is never easy to start and sustain. In small businesses; management, finance, and accounting play a substantial role. Every company and business operates with money. And without control over money, it is impossible to run a business. Where there is no control over the business finance then it become difficult to sustain business in the market.

Here are a few tips on finance and accounting to meet business challenges.

  • Keep Accurate Records.

Small businesses need to have a proper record-keeping system. Much of the small business day-to-day accounting can be handled and tracked through online banking services. But it is better to have all the financial records in one place for the sake of simplicity.


  • Carry Out Accurate Invoicing.

Having an accurate and efficient invoicing system is crucial for small businesses as they can ensure that they are paid to get for the work they have done, products, or the services they have sold.

Invoices also contain specific customer information, have to be processed and swiftly delivered, and require the highest standard of accuracy.

  • Have a Modern Accounting System in a Place

Small businesses must adopt a sound accounting system that can help them to produce updated and accurate financial information.

The financial statements are usually based on outlined accounting standards and concepts. The Accounting App can also seamlessly integrate various services for more accessible and efficient use.

Accounting systems make everyday work easier to perform, but they also record accounting activities in the background when documents are being prepared.

  • Practice Generally Accepted Accounting Principle

GAAP is practical on certain principles that order the items of accountants that have to be acknowledged in the financial statements. Such as how the items and amounts must be displayed, which amounts must be reported, and what disclosures will benefit a reader.

  • Hire a Professional to Handle Taxes

Hiring a professional to handle taxes is critical for small businesses. Hire the right tax professional who can save money is important for business.

The tax professional must have specific knowledge and experience in the country’s taxation system. It is even better if the person already knows the type of small business or industry.

Comparison Chart – Finance and


Basis for comparison Finance Accounting
Meaning Finance is the term for management, creation, and study of money and investment.  Accounting is the art of recording and reporting of monetary transactions of a business. 
Capital budgeting, risk analysis, ratio analysis, leverage working capital management, etc
Cash flow statement, balance sheet income, etc
To study the capital market and fund of business for making future strategies
To provide information regarding the company’s richness status to the reader of the financial statement.
Division  Finance is not a part of accounting  Accounting is a part of finance
Public finance, private finance, corporate finance
Management accounting, financial accounting, tax accounting, and cost accounting

Finance professional can become an investment banker, finance consultant, financial analyst Accounting professionals can become accountants, tax consultants, auditors

What is the Purpose of Finance and Accounting in


Accounts and finance management are so important when your business is operating.

If you don’t know about your money, where it is going and coming from, there is a perfect chance you could lose control of your business.

When businesses manage their expenses and income, there is a more actual potential for growth.

  1. Keep Financial Record

Accounting is the fundamental record of a company’s financial activities. A company’s ledger is where small business owners and accountants track the income and expenses of the business’s daily operation. An accurate record of the company can help a business manage their financial future and understand cash flow.

  1. Budget Make

Understanding your cash flow and using your financial records can help you create a budget, which keeps tracking your business. 

Budget gives you a modern view of your financial standing and enables you to navigate your business toward future development and growth.

  1. Avoid Legal Problem

Keeping an accurate record of finances that follows important laws of business. Overlooking a minor detail could have a significant consequence on your management tax.

Financial managers need to understand what expenses to deduct, how much taxes to pay, and when to pay those taxes. The financial recording could lead to your company and land you unnecessary legal trouble.

  1. Analyzing Performance

A company can access its financial position by looking at its historical and current liabilities and assets, and records of financials. The business owner can use this information to measure how the company is doing.

  1. Developing Strategy

Good finance and finance management necessarily lead to good strategy. Once you have developed a budget and thoroughly analyzed your data, it should be easier to understand better to develop a plan to achieve your bottom line.

  1. External Communication.

Communication of financial information is essential when dealing with external parties. 

Transparent accounting and finance management can be helpful when getting a loan from a bank or attracting potential investors.

  1. Communication Internal

Reporting of financials can also help business owners communicate information to internal stakeholders.

This information might be relevant to profit sharing and stock-based compensation employees. This record also allows owners to communicate the weakness and strengths of their business with their team.   


In every circle of business, accounting and finance are involved. Thus, businesses cannot survive without them for a long time. Accounting focuses on the flow of money in and out of the company, while finance is a more broad term that describes how to manage assets and liabilities. 

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