Minority interest is a financial concept that refers to the ownership of a company’s stock by shareholders who do not have control over the company. In other words, it refers to the portion of a company’s equity that is owned by investors who are not part of the company’s management or controlling group. Minority interest is an important concept in accounting, as it provides information about the ownership structure of a company and the rights and obligations of the various shareholders.
A minority interest, also called a non-controlling interest (NCI), is the percentage of a subsidiary owned by shareholders other than the parent company. It refers to a company or stock not owned by the parent company. Majority interests typically represent over 50% of the company’s equity, while minority interests typically range between 20% and 30%. The interests in subsidiaries are listed in the equity section of the consolidated balance sheet of parent companies. It is also reported on the consolidated income statement as a share of profits belonging to minority shareholders.
In parent companies, generally, the majority stakeholders have voting rights to set policies and procedures. However, minorities have very little influence on the company’s decision making. Minorities may have certain rights, such as participation in sales, entitle to certain audit rights, and also may be able to attend shareholder or partnership meetings.
There are two types of minority interest: active and passive.
Active minority interest occurs when the minority shareholders are involved in the company’s management and decision-making process as they hold 21 to 49% equity of subsidiary company. This type of minority interest is often associated with a minority shareholder who has a significant level of ownership in the company, but not enough to have control over its operations.
On the other hand, this refers to minority shareholders who do not have any involvement in the company’s management and decision-making process because they hold less than 20% equity in a subsidary company. These shareholders are considered to be passive because they do not have any influence over the company’s operations. Passive interest is often associated with shareholders who have a small level of ownership in the company and do not have any significant impact on its operations.
There are several factors that can influence the level of a interest of minorities in a company. These can include :
In conclusion, minority interest is an important aspect of corporate finance and ownership. It can provide protection and representation for minority shareholders, facilitate the raising of capital, and promote good corporate governance. Properly valuing and managing minority interests can be complex, but is essential for the successful operation and growth of a company. It is important for companies to carefully consider the implications and to take steps to ensure that it is properly valued and managed.